History. Sword and various schools of fencing with a sword

A fencing school, which originated in Italy, it was not created by our ancestors. At all times it was believed that the warrior should be strong, and follow the path.


Spanish fencing
is an elegant science, and instead of strength it relies on technique. There is only one fighting position, the lead body, the hands are directed against the target, the sword is unshakable, and the fighting position is characterized by the reverse movements of the hands.
There are no cutting movements in Spanish School, all movements are mostly stabbing. Short attack routes are applied, while constantly working with a thorough defence and taking into account the principles of forces and space.

 

 

In French fencing, a sword is used without pride and without a cross. Here, the swordsman must constantly parry; which means, he acts from defence, awaiting an error from his opponent.

The French have their right hand held slightly bent and collect it with a fist, because of this, the blade seems less important to the enemy. In addition, they work as a sword (rapier), as a baston. The fencer attacks with force, because of what then gets tired very much. On this occasion, Volard wrote: “The French are losing the fruit of their dignity, because of the excess of their own importance.” All representatives of French fencing have advantages, due to the dexterity of movements and the ease of the weapon. They quickly retreat, hoping for a counterattack.
Northern fencing; in northern countries, fencers usually have bigger muscles, but as a result of their mighty appearance, they are unsettled and slow. However, in London, French fencing is not strongly entrenched. Quite rapidly, French fencing developed rapidly in Sicily, namely in Catania. The Frankalan family in particular was known (most likely from Austria) who developed a technique similar to the Turkish technique utilising the famous fencing sword.

 

 

Italian fencing in general. This fencing shows the reflection of the combination of Spanish and French techniques. Sicily brought up soldiers of different nationalities, and according to this Sicilian weapons were formed. After some time, the beats became a priority in the Spanish manner, however, even the stabbing blows of the sword are already being used.
Some of the technical elements have ceased being used in the last century; as some of them are not particularly applicable with a straight sword or blade.


Sicilian fencing
is quite lively, diverse, fervent, and resembles an volcano prior to exploding. A soldier with a Sicilian sword is less protected and less armed when it comes to additional weapons and armour, much unlike Italian and Spanish arms and armour. This school combines the dexterity of the movements of the French, but it formed more malice, more combined movements collected from other schools and systems of fencing. It is characterised by cautious and sinuous deceptive movements, and the fencing itself contains more painful blows.

Neapolitan fencing is a twin of Sicilian fencing, but with shorter movements. It contains a series of Spanish strikes that are carried out, imitating the work of weapons. There is a distinctive fighting position here. This fencing is based on the principles and mechanisms of action of animals, and the technique is proudly mixed with dance. Fencers try to save energy as much as possible, control space and reduce the form of position.
They only make sweeping movements when necessary, because such movements can be rendered useless unless an easier method of defending or striking the enemy’s defence is found.

All these fencing schools are good as Moriscato says, however, the Neapolitan school remains the best. It is a well known fact that strangers who were trained in Neapolitan fencing could not then transform it into their art…

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